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10 Tips to Improve Your CSS Workflow

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Writing CSS isn't easy, because if you're not careful, you can write cluttered code, be slow, and take an awful lot of time debugging code while writing your code.

Let's get right to the point: in this tutorial, I've collected some tips that you can use to improve your performance in writing CSS code. You can implement them at any time on your old or new projects.

We will explore:

1. The collection of properties

If you find that you have written the same properties multiple times, verify that you cannot truncate them by removing unnecessary classes and IDs. Then add all the common properties in a single brace.

If you can link your sections, you will be able to create a file that is more efficient in operation and it will be much faster.

2. Use the identifiers for the constants

The unfortunate limitation of CSS is that you can not define constants, like in PHP. Constants are terms that you can define once that are used by the rest of the script regardless of the scope of the code and inclusions.

You can stop creating multiple styles multiple times, to opt for a type that you define as your design block. Since CSS was not created to program your site, it will only allow you to act as an interior designer so to speak, it does not have the capacity to support constants.

Still, this is something that would be really helpful, especially in the event that bundling your properties won't do all the work for you.

What you can do is create an ID that includes all the styles you need. When you really need to use it, just add the selectors you need for the declaration. Which will make you write your CSS code much faster.

3. Comment on your constants

Of course, CSS doesn't support constants, but that doesn't mean that you still can't write a reference for what would otherwise be constants. Why not list the common styles in a multi-line comment?

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It will be up to you to determine how you will type these comments, but you can create a kind of table of material similar to this one:

/ * * CSS 'Constants' * * Background: #ccc9c9 * Deep gray, text: #3a3838 * main content background: #e7e7e7 * * /

This is particularly useful for me, as it is not always easy for me to quickly know what the functional details of a (Constant) code block are. Having a callback nearby helps speed up the coding process, since you know exactly where to look and you won't have to search through a mountain of CSS to find the point where you referred to a certain style.

4. Grouped selectors

Why stop there? While you're at it, why not group together lots of selectors that can be put together? This will save you the trouble of typing the same style several times:

H1, h2, h3, h4, p {padding: 1 em; Font-family: "Times New Roman", time, serif; } .navigation ul, .navigation li {padding-top: 0,5 em; }

While this may not work in all cases and the example above will certainly not apply to your specific needs, it can serve as a reminder for the next time you code and need to save time. and in space.

5. Use a preprocessor

A CSS preprocessor is an extension of the regular CSS language that helps you code faster while adding a lot of other features that you wouldn't normally be able to add so easily.

The most common CSS preprocessors in WordPress are SASS and LESS, and you can learn to use both.

CSS preprocessors make the job a whole lot easier, and it's pretty normal to see how much developers get into it once they get the hang of it.

6. The pseudo-classes

As CSS specialist Eric Meyer explains,  the list of styles of links in a certain order is important. Otherwise, you might end up with styled links that don't work the way you hoped.

You can combat this and save time by not having to solve this kind of problem in the future by following a simple order for the pseudo-classes of the links. You can remember this order with the following device:

A: link {declaration} a: visited {declaration} a: hover {declaration} a: active {declaration}

the style of unvisited links are set first, then visited, on mouseover and active links. To tell the truth, the order does not really matter, the goal is to be able to make you remember this combination as simply as possible. This order is called "LoVe / HAte" pseudo-classes, because of the letters used in the pseudo-classes.

Unfortunately, this does not include the "focus" pseudo-class, although it could be considered the "active" pseudo-class. There is also a mnemonic phrasing that includes this pseudo-class it is “ LoVe Hurts Fade Away ":

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A: link {declaration} a: declaration} a: hover {declaration} a:

7. Use CSS shorthand

If you want to code quickly and efficiently, but without a steeper learning curve with the help of a preprocessor, you can code CSS shorthand. The rules are much easier to learn which will make it easier for you to use them.

With the CSS shortcut, you can condense multiple lines into one, without losing functionality. For example, below you will see 3 lines that apply to the border of an element:

#maincontent {border-width: 1px; Border-style: solid; Border-color: black; }

This line could be much simpler:

#maincontent {border: 1px solid black; }

8. Use shortcuts for images

CSS shortcuts may not always be the best solution for you, but you can adopt this rule when working with colors.

Instead of using a 6-digit hexadecimal code, you can use only 3 digits.

#ffffff = #fff #1144bb = #14b #ffcc44 = #fc4

In other words, if you see that a color code has pairs (the first and the second value, the third and fourth, and the last two values) where each pair has the same character. you can omit any of these characters for each pair.

It will take a while to get used to it, but the sacrifice will be worth it. If the other forms of shortcuts aren't common, you don't have to worry here, because color shortcuts are almost familiar to everyone.

9. Links don't need citation and space

When you add a URI to your style sheet, the regular and correct format includes single and double spaces and quotation marks, as in this example:

body {
background-image: url (“Http://www.example.com/deepgray-pattern.png”);
}

After "url (", there is a space, quotes, and a closing space which are actually optional.

To save you a little more time and space, this same line can be written like this:

body {
background-image: url (Http://www.example.com/deepgray-pattern.png);
}

You will notice that the space and the quotes are not really needed.

10. Analyze your CSS code

It's important to analyze your stylesheet after you're done to make sure it's as clean and light as possible. This can be painful, but more importantly it can take a long time to achieve.

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Fortunately, there are free tools like CSS Analyzer, CSS Dig et CSS Lint. All you need to do is enter your code, select some options and click a button to instantly get a report for your CSS code.

CSS Lint is even more severe and may offend your sensitivity in the name of progress by helping you improve your coding skills.

Either way, those are all of the easy options available to help you simplify parsing your stylesheet to make sure it's as holy as possible.

That's it for these tips that you can use on your various CSS projects. Do not hesitate to offer us your tips.

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